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Special Collection

Commons in a changing Europe: Part 1

Collection launched: 27 Feb 2020
This special collection has the specific aim to increase the understanding of Eastern European Commons, more particularly the development of Commons in post-communist states. The introduction and expansion of market governance proved to be particularly challenging in post-communist countries, where the state command-and-control economy for many decades disrupted the functioning of markets. In addition, basic institutions, such as clearly defined property rules, only existed in very limited areas. A particular challenge in these countries is that the benefits provided by protected nature and ecosystems at most times cannot be captured by direct adoption of conventional market-based private entities, at the same time as government agencies responsible for protected areas management experience financial difficulties with the maintenance of conservation activities.